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SALT TOLERANT VARIETIES FOR SALINE AND ALKALI SOILS

Why Salt Tolerant Varieties Approach?

  • Salt tolerant varieties of crops require less chemical amendments 
  • Varietal approach is simple, cheap and eco-friendly
  • Suitable for poor resource farmers due to low cost

Salt tolerant high yielding varieties developed:

  • Rice – CSR-49, CSR 36, CSR 30 (basmati type), CSR 27, CSR 23, CSR 13 and CSR 10
  • Rice variety for coastal regions:- Butnath (CSRC(S) 5-2-2-5) and Sumati- CSRC-CSRC(S) 2-1-7
  • Wheat :- KRL 213, KRL 210, KRL 19 and KRL 1-4
  • Indian Mustard:- CS 56, CS 54 and   CS 52                                     
  • Chick pea (gram)- Karnal Chana 1
  • Genotypes Registered as salt tolerant germplasms
  • Dhaincha (sesbania)- CSD 137 and CSD-123

SALT TOLERANT VARIETIES OF RICE

CSR 43- A New Salt Tolerant Variety released by UP Government

Parameter / Variety

 CSR 43*

Year of release 2011
Parentage KDML105/IR4630-22-2-5-1-3/ IR 20925-33-3-1-28
Plant height (cm) 95
Maturity duration (days) 110
Grain type Short Bold
Salinity tolerance (dS m-1) 7.0
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 10.0
Grain yield in Normal soils (Q ha-1 ) 60
Grain Yield in Salt affected soils (Q ha-1 ) 35
Recommended States / Areas Salt affected soils including sodic soils of UP
 
SALT TOLERANT VARIETIES OF RICE
Parameter /Variety CSR 27 CSR 30 CSR 36 CSR 43*
Year of release 1998 2001 2005 2011
Parentage NONA BOKRA /
IR565-33-2
BR4-10 /  Basmati 370 CSR13/
Panvel 2//IR36
KDML105/IR4630-22-2-5-1-3/
IR 20925-33-3-1-28
KDML105/IR4630-22-2-5-1-3/
IR 20925-33-3-1-28
Plant height (cm) 115 155 110 95
Maturity duration (days) 120 155 135 110
Grain type Long Slender Basmati Type Long Slender Short Bold
Salinity tolerance (dS m-1) 10 7 11 7.0
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 9.9 9.5 9.8 10.0
Grain yield in Normal soils (Q ha-1 ) 65 30 65 60
Grain Yield in Salt affected soils (Q ha-1 ) 40 20 40 35
Recommended States / Areas Haryana and UP Haryana,  UP and Punjab Sodic soils of Haryana, UP and Pondicherry Salt affected soils including sodic soils of UP
 
 
Parameter / Variety CSR 10 CSR 13 CSR 23
Year of release 1989 1998 2004
Parentage M40-431- 24-114/
Jaya
CSR1 / Bas.370 /
/ CSR5
IR64 // IR4630-22-2-5-1-3/
IR 964- 45-2-2
Plant height (cm) 85 105 115
Maturity duration (days) 120 145 130
Grain type Short Bold Long Slender Long Slender
Salinity tolerance (dS m-1) 11 9  10
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 10 10 10
Grain yield in Normal soils (Q ha-1 ) 60 60 65
Grain Yield in Salt affected soils (Q ha-1 ) 30 35 40
Recommended States
/ Areas
Sodic and inland saline
soils of Haryana
Sodic soils of UP, Haryana,
& inland saline of Gujarat & Maharashtra
Sodic soils of UP, Haryana &
coastal saline soils of   Maharashtra,
Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & West Bengal
 
SALT TOLERANT VARIETIES OF WHEAT
 
Parameter / Variety KRL 1-4 KRL 19 KRL 210 KRL 213
Year of release 1990 2000 2010 2010
Parentage KHARCHIA 65/WL711 PBW 255/KRL 1-4 PBW 65/2*PASTOR CNDO/R143//ENTE/MEXI_2/3/
Aegilops squarrosaTAUS)
/4/WEAVER/5/2*KAUZ
Plant height (cm) 89 85 99 97
Maturity duration (days) 132 132 143 145
Grain size Medium Medium Bold Medium
Date of sowing Normal
(5-20 Nov)
Normal
(5-20 Nov)
Normal
(5-20 Nov)
Normal
(5-20 Nov)
Salinity tolerance (dS m-1)  7.0 7.3 6.6 6.4
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.2
Grain yield in Normal soils
(Q ha-1 )
40 45 52 51
Grain yield in Salt affected soils
(Q ha-1 )
30 30 35 33
Recommended States / Areas NWPZ and NEPZ NWPZ and NEPZ NWPZ and NEPZ NWPZ and NEPZ
Recommended Date of Sowing 5-20 Nov. 5-20 Nov. 5-20 Nov. 5-20 Nov.
 
SALT TOLERANT VARIETIES OF INDIAN MUSTARD
 
 
Parameter / Variety CS 52 CS54 CS56
Year of release 1997 2005 2008
Parentage Sel. from DIRA 343 B 380 X NDR 8603 RH 851 X Pusa Bold
Plant Height (cm) 170 160 202
Maturity duration (days) 135 121 132
Grain type Medium Bold Medium
1000 seed weight (g) 4.0 5.3 4.4
Salinity tolerance (ECe, dS m-1) 6 - 9 6 - 9 6 - 9
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 9.3 9.3 9.3
Seed Yield in Normal soils 20 24 26
Seed Yield in Salt affected soils (Q ha-1) 15-16 16-19 16-19
Date of sowing First fortnight of October First fortnight of October Late sown up to 15th  November
Recommended States / Areas Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
 
SALT TOLERANT VARIETY OF CHICKPEA
 
Name of Variety Karnal Chana 1
Year of release 1998
Parentage Sel. From GF 7035
Plant height (cm) 70-80
Maturity duration (days) 150
100 Seed weight (g) 15
Salinity tolerance (dS m-1)  6
Sodicity tolerance (pH2) 9.0
Seed yield (Q ha-1) (Normal soils) 21
Seed yield (Q ha-1) (salt affected soils) 15
Recommended States / Areas  NWPZ - Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan
 
Genotypes Registered as Salt tolerant germplasm
 
Salt Tolerant Genetic Stocks of Wheat
 

KRL 35

KRL 99

KRL 3-4

 
 
Parentage HD 2160/KRL1-4 KRL 3-4/CIMK 2//KRL 1-4 HD 1982/Kharchia 65
Year 2004 2007 2009
Registration number INGR 04013 INGR 07046 INGR 09087
Level of tolerance Tolerance to sodicity, salinity and waterlogged sodic coditions very high level of tolerance to sodicity, salinity and waterlogged sodic coditions very high level of tolerance to sodicity, salinity and waterlogged sodic coditions
Other important character Good plant type Very Good Plant type Characterized by Low Sodium uptake under salinity/sodicity
Grain colour amber amber red
Plant height 98 cm 87  cm 120  cm
Duration  148  days  140  days  150  days
Grain Size medium medium medium
Date of sowing Normal Normal Normal
Salinity tolerance up to 7 ds/m up to 7.5 ds/m up to 7.5 ds/m
Sodicity tolerance up to pH 9.3 up to pH 9.4 up to pH 9.4
Grain yield (normal) 50  q/ha 47 q/ha 45 q/ha
Grain yield (salt affected) 30 q/ha 40 q/ha 40 q/ha
 

Dhaincha (Sesbania)

 

 

CSD 137 CSD 123
Year of Registration 2004 2006
Level of tolerance Tolerance to sodicity, salinity and waterlogged sodic coditions very high level of tolerance to sodicity, salinity and waterlogged sodic coditions
Other important character Good plant type Very Good Plant type
Plant height 202 cm 260  cm
Maturity Duration  140  days  120  days
Salinity tolerance up to 7 ds/m up to 7.5 ds/m
Sodicity tolerance up to pH 9.8 up to pH 9.6
Green Biomass at 55 days in normal soils 430  q/ha 350 q/ha
Green Biomass at 55 days in salt affected soils 330 q/ha 280 q/ha

 

 

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